Peak Sun Hour for Each State of The US
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The Peak Sun Hour Table for Each State in The US

    What is the peak sun hour?

    The peak sun hour is 1 hour of sunlight at an intensity of 1,000W/m² (92.9W/ft²).

    The power rating of solar panels is also measured at 1,000W/m² (92.9W/ft²).

    In other words, solar panels placed perpendicular to the direction of sunlight exposure will only output at their rated power when the sunlight exposure intensity reaches 1,000W/m² (92.9W/ft²).

    As you know, the sun’s rays only have a chance to reach their maximum intensity during the midday hours. Maximum irradiance up to 1,360W/m² (127.8W/ft²).

    But Peak sun hour is not just about the energy gained during the noon hour. It is the sum of all tPeak sun hour is the equivalent value of all the solar energy received during a day.

    Peak Sun Hour

    For example, if the peak sun hour in your area is 3 hours, this represents a total of 3000W of energy received during the day on an area of 1 square meter.

    What can be done with peak sun hour?

    The peak sun hour is especially important for DIY solar power system. After planning the total power, you need to calculate how many panels you need based on the peak sun hour of your location.

    For example, you want to design a solar power system that can produce 6kWh per day. You plan to use 200W of solar panels. The peak sun hour in your area is 3 hours. Then you need 6kW/(200W x 3) = 10 panels.

    The peak sun hour table for each state in the US

    Peak Sun Hour for Each State of The United States
    Peak Sun Hour for Each State of The United States
    LocationPeak Sun Hours (PSH)
    Alabama 3.5 – 4
    Alaska 2 – 3
    Arizona7 – 8
    Arkansas 3.5 – 4
    California5 – 7.5
    Colorado 5 – 6.5
    Connecticut 3
    Florida 4
    Georgia 4 – 4.5
    Idaho 4 – 4.5
    Illinois3 – 4
    Indiana 2.5 – 4
    Iowa 4
    Kansas4 – 5.5
    Kentucky 3 – 4
    Louisiana 4 – 4.5
    Maine 3 – 3.5
    Maryland 3 – 4
    Massachusetts 3
    Michigan 2.5 – 3.5
    Minnesota4
    Mississippi 4 – 4.5
    Missouri 4 – 4.5
    Montana 4 – 5
    Nebraska 4.5 – 5
    Nevada 6 – 7.5
    New Hampshire 3 – 3.5
    New Jersey 3.5 – 4
    New Mexico6 – 7
    New York 3 – 3.5
    North Carolina 4 – 4.5
    North Dakota 4 – 4.5
    Ohio 2.5 – 3.5
    Oklahoma 4.5 – 5.5
    Oregon 3 – 5
    Pennsylvania 3
    Rhode Island 3.5
    South Carolina4 – 4.5
    South Dakota 4.5 – 5
    Tennessee 4
    Texas 4.5 – 6
    Utah 6 – 7
    Vermont 3 – 3.5
    Virginia3.5 – 4
    Washington 2.5 – 5
    West Virginia3
    Wisconsin 3.5
    Wyoming 5.5 – 6

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